The Trabuco, also know to the Europeans as the Trebuchet, was one of the most dangerous and Devastating artillery weapons of its time. Seeing use in a multitude of conflicts in the Middle Ages, the Trabuco was most commonly used to hurl large boulders into fortress walls or enemy invaders, though varying armies throughout history got creative with the Trabuco’s projectiles. Working through launching the contents of the sling on one end of the balancing beam, through centrifugal force, the Trabuco was also known in long form as the balancing Trabuco. The Traction Trabuco first saw its origins in Chinese warfare.
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The Traction Trabuco was developed to combat the Mongols and pin them down within an already captured Chinese city according to pt.wiktionary.org. Upon seeing the effectiveness of the weapon, two Persian designers assisted in developing two further Trabucos for the Chinese. This is often pointed to in saying that the Persian culture was actually the first to develop the Trabuco and is backed up from records predating the weapon’s use in China indicating the knowhow and technology to construct the artillery in the Middle East at the time. The Trabuco came to Europe by way of Russian trader’s around 600 B.C.
The Counterweight Trebuchet was developed around this era, which used a counterweight mechanism to fire instead of the man power used by the Traction Trebuchet according to youtube.com. This adaption of the weapon quickly became popular in rival kingdom siege warfare, and later in the Crusades by Muslim and Christian warriors alike. It is reported that during this period the weapon saw use as a germ warfare distribution method, as both sides would routinely launch dead bodies infected with the plague into enemy territory. With the rise of the cannon, and other gunpowder powered artillery options, the Trabuco slowly disappeared from combat and warfare altogether.
Learn more about Trabuco: https://www.zomato.com/pt/sao-paulo-sp/trabuco-centro-osasco/menu